Driver Developer Guide

Delfin is an Infrastructure Management framework under SODA foundation projects for Heterogeneous storage backends (cloud-enabled, offline-storage, etc.) for management, status collection, telemetry and alerting.


  • Enable third parties to integrate a new backend to SODA Delfin framework
  • Collect the steps needed to integrate a new backend to SODA Delfin framework
  • Details the interfaces that new backend driver needs to be implemented

Motivation and background

Delfin is an Infrastructure Management framework developed in Python programming language. It provides a Python plugin interface for adding third party drivers thereby supporting third party backends. The third party driver needs to implement the interfaces defined in the Driver python class, for the framework to use the third party driver. Once drivers implement the interfaces with the details of backend storage, delfin can manage the backend.


  • Support backend specific implementation details
  • Explain internal or higher level framework specific details


Delfin project is Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. For a third party driver to be merged to Delfin project repository, please ensure it uses compatible License.

Third party driver integration

SODA Delfin project already contains some drivers, which can be used as reference by the new third party driver developers.

Existing Delfin Drivers for reference:

  • fake_driver - This is a dummy/sample driver used for testing purpose
  • Huawei Oceanstor- This driver implements Huawei’s OeanStor backend
  • DELL EMC VMAX - This driver implements Dell EMC’s VMAX storage backend
  • DELL EMC UNITY - This driver implements Dell EMC’s Unity backend
  • HPE 3PAR - This driver implements HPE 3PAR backend
  • Hitachi VSP - This driver implements Hitachi VSP backend
  • IBM storewize/SVC - This driver implements IBM storewize and SVC backends.

Code changes needed

  • Add driver plugin ‘entry points’ to the file ‘’.

      '': [
          'sample_vendor sample_model = delfin.drivers.sample_vendor:SampleStorageDriver',
  • Create driver source code folder under <delfin path>/delfin/drivers/

    mkdir -p /path-to-delfin/delfin/drivers/sample_vendor
    touch /path-to-delfin/delfin/drivers/sample_vendor/
  • Extend base class StorageDriver defined in <delfin path>/delfin/drivers/, to implement a new driver.

    from delfin.drivers import driver
    class SampleStorageDriver(driver.StorageDriver):
      """SampleStorageDriver shows how to implement the StorageDriver,
      def __init__(self, **kwargs):
      def reset_connection(self, context, **kwargs):
  • Implement all the mandatory interfaces defined in <delfin path>/delfin/drivers/, in the new driver.

Driver Interfaces Input args Output Comment
get_storage() context: Delfin framework context Storage dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Storage Get storage device information from storage system
reset_connection() context: Delfin framework context, kwargs: access info None Reset connection with backend with new args
list_storage_pools() context: Delfin framework context StoragePool dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ StoragePool List all storage pools from storage system
list_volumes() context: Delfin framework context Volume dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Volume List all storage volumes from storage system
list_controllers() context: Delfin framework context Controller dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Controller List all controllers from storage system
list_ports() context: Delfin framework context Port dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Port List all ports from storage system
list_disks() context: Delfin framework context Disk dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Disk List all disks from storage system
list_quotas() context: Delfin framework context Quota dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Quota List all quotas from storage system
list_filesystems() context: Delfin framework context Filesystem dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Filesystem List all filesystems from storage system
list_qtrees() context: Delfin framework context Qtree dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Qtree List all qtrees from storage system
list_shares() context: Delfin framework context Share dict with schema defined in delfin/db/sqlalchemy/ Share List all shares from storage system
add_trap_config() context: Delfin framework context, trap_config: trap configuration None Config the trap receiver in storage system
remove_trap_config() context: Delfin framework context, trap_config: trap configuration None Remove trap receiver configuration from storage system
parse_alert() context: Delfin framework context, alert: alert to parse Alert dict as shown in delfin/drivers/ Parse alert data got from snmp trap server
list_alerts() context: Delfin framework context, query_para: optional, contains ‘begin_time’ and ‘end_time’ Alert dict as shown in delfin/drivers/ List all current alerts from storage system
clear_alert() context: Delfin framework context, alert: alert to clear Success/Failure Clear alert from storage system
get_capabilities() context: Delfin framework context Capabilities schema defined in delfin/api/schemas/ Return metrics collection capabilites of the storage system
collect_perf_metrics() context: Delfin framework context, storage_id: delfin storage id, resource_metrics: required metrics, start_time: metrics start time, end_time: metrics end time Collected metrics Collects metrics from storage system

  def get_storage(self, context):
      # Do something here
      return {
          'name': 'sample',
          'description': 'sample',
          'vendor': 'sample_vendor',
          'model': 'sample_model',
          'status': 'normal',
          'serial_number': 123,
          'firmware_version': '1.0.0',
          'location': 'HK',
          'total_capacity': 123,
          'used_capacity': 0,
          'free_capacity': 123,
          'raw_capacity': 123,
          'subscribed_capacity': 123

  def list_storage_pools(self, context):
      pool_list = []
      for idx in range(3):
          p = {
              "name": "sample_pool_" + str(idx),
              "storage_id": self.storage_id,
              "native_storage_pool_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(idx),
              "description": "Sample Pool",
              "status": "normal",
              "total_capacity": 123,
              "used_capacity": 0,
              "free_capacity": 123,
      return pool_list

  def list_volumes(self, context):
    volume_list = []
    for i in range(1, 5):
        v = {
            "name": "sample_vol_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "description": "Sample Volume",
            "status": "normal",
            "native_volume_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "wwn": "fake_wwn_" + str(i),
            "total_capacity": 12,
            "used_capacity": 2,
            "free_capacity": 10,
        return volume_list

  def list_controllers(self, context):
    controller_list = []
    for i in range(1, 3):
        c = {
            "name": "sample_ctrl_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_controller_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "status": "normal",
            "memory_size": 10000000,
            "cpu_info": 'Intel Xenon',
            "location": 'rack-10',
            "soft_version": 'v1.0.0',
        return controller_list

  def list_ports(self, context):
    port_list = []
    for i in range(1, 3):
        p = {
            "name": "sample_port_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_port_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "health_status": "normal",
            "type": "fc",
            "speed": 1000,
            "max_speed": 10000,
            "wwn": "wwn12345",
        return port_list

  def list_disks(self, context):
    disk_list = []
    for i in range(1, 3):
        d = {
            "name": "sample_disk_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_disk_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "serial_number": "serial-123",
            "manufacturer": "Seagate",
            "model": "Model-SSD",
            "status": "normal",
            "location": "cage-10",
            "capacity": 1000000,
            "speed": 20000,
            "health_score": 98,
        return disk_list

  def list_quotas(self, context):
    quota_list = []
    for i in range(1, 5):
        q = {
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_quota_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "native_qtree_id": "sample_qtree_id_" + str(i),
            "type": "tree",
            "capacity_hard_limit": 9000000,
            "capacity_soft_limit": 7500000,
            "used_capacity": 1000000,
            "file_hard_limit": 900000,
            "file_soft_limit": 750000,
            "file_count": 200000,
        return quota_list

  def list_filesystems(self, context):
    fs_list = []
    for i in range(1, 5):
        f = {
            "name": "sample_fs_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_filesystem_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "native_pool_id": "sample_pool_id_" + str(i),
            "status": "normal",
            "type": "non_worm",
            "total_capacity": 12,
            "used_capacity": 2,
            "free_capacity": 10,
        return fs_list

  def list_qtrees(self, context):
    qtree_list = []
    for i in range(1, 5):
        q = {
            "name": "sample_qtree_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_qtree_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "native_filesystem_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "security_mode": "ntfs",
            "path": "\opt\path",
        return qtree_list

  def list_shares(self, context):
    share_list = []
    for i in range(1, 5):
        s = {
            "name": "sample_share_" + str(i),
            "storage_id": self.storage_id,
            "native_share_id": "sample_original_id_" + str(i),
            "native_filesystem_id": "sample_fs_id_" + str(i),
            "native_qtree_id": "sample_qt_id_" + str(i),
            "protocol": "cifs",
            "path": "\opt\share_path",
        return share_list

  def add_trap_config(self, context, trap_config):

  def remove_trap_config(self, context, trap_config):

  def parse_alert(self, context, alert):

  def clear_alert(self, context, alert):

  def list_alerts(self, context, query_para=None):

  def collect_perf_metrics(self, context, storage_id, metrics, start, stop):

  def get_capabilities(self, context):

  • Install delfin and start delfin services of, and

    cd <delfin directory>
  • Ensure create storages API call from Delfin, can load the driver successfully.

    # Sample driver with dummy values for create storage body
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST http://localhost:8190/v1/storages -d '
      "rest": {
        "host": "",
        "port": "22",
        "username": "username",
        "password": "password",
        "vendor": "sample_vendor",
        "model": "sample_model"
    # Example Response:
    '{"created_at": "2020-09-15T14:10:10.692091", "updated_at": null, "id": "849e0e90-35bd-4d23-8155-53a5a583bcbf", "name": "sample", "vendor": "sample_vendor", "description": "sample", "model": "sample_model", "status": "normal", "serial_number": 123, "firmware_version": "1.0.0", "location": "HK", "total_capacity": 123, "used_capacity": 0, "free_capacity": 123, "raw_capacity": 123, "subscribed_capacity": 123, "sync_status": "SYNCED", "deleted_at": null, "deleted": false}'
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X GET http://localhost:8190/v1/storages
    # Example Response:
    {"storages": [{"created_at": "2020-09-15T14:11:05.611150", "updated_at": "2020-09-15T14:11:05.919163", "id": "2021529b-0235-4a75-b358-0779189d6463", "name": "fake_driver", "vendor": "fake_vendor", "description": "fake driver.", "model": "fake_model", "status": "normal", "serial_number": "1f8d0680-491d-4b13-9b08-996e1ef8ae6d", "firmware_version": "1.0.0", "location": "HK", "total_capacity": 1355, "used_capacity": 934, "free_capacity": 421, "raw_capacity": 2423, "subscribed_capacity": 3884, "sync_status": "SYNCED", "deleted_at": null, "deleted": false}, {"created_at": "2020-09-15T14:10:10.692091", "updated_at": "2020-09-15T14:10:10.970153", "id": "849e0e90-35bd-4d23-8155-53a5a583bcbf", "name": "sample", "vendor": "sample_vendor", "description": "sample", "model": "sample_model", "status": "normal", "serial_number": "123", "firmware_version": "1.0.0", "location": "HK", "total_capacity": 123, "used_capacity": 0, "free_capacity": 123, "raw_capacity": 123, "subscribed_capacity": 123, "sync_status": "SYNCED", "deleted_at": null, "deleted": false}]}
  • Ensure APIs of list_*() and alert*() works as expected.

    # Example delfin APIs that can be used with Sample driver
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X GET http://localhost:8190/v1/storages
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X GET http://localhost:8190/v1/storages-pools
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X GET http://localhost:8190/v1/volumes
    curl -X POST http://localhost:8190/v1/storages/<storage_id>/sync
  • Raise PR with test reports to Delfin repository.

How it works

Third party drivers are located and loaded into Delfin, when the create storage API (POST request) is invoked for that backend.

Create Storages POST API contains a request body model namely access_info, which contains fields ‘vendor’ & ‘model’. These fields are used to match and identify the driver from the ‘entry_points’ registered by the driver. Delfin loads this matched driver and registers the driver for the created backend. Any further API calls on this backend will use this newly loaded driver.

Delfin class Driver Manager internally utilizes the Python module ‘stevedore’ for the loading of driver plugins.

Delfin performance metrics collection starts when storage is successfully registered. Delfin will query get_capability() interface of driver to get supported metrics and its details. And periodically call collect_perf_metrics interface to collect those metrics.

Delfin performance metrics collection interfaces (get_capability() & collect_perf_metrics()) sample implementation is available in the fake_storage driver <delfin path>/delfin/drivers/fake_storage/

  • Example Response for collect performance metrics interface:

    # A list of delfin.common.constants.metric_struct


Pluggable design of Driver Manager makes it easy to add third party drivers expanding infrastructure management capabilities of SODA Delfin to multiple storage backends.